How to grow…Peppers

Our Hot Pepper Collection includes the following:

  • Hungarian Hot Wax Organic
  • Tiburon
  • Monet
  • Cayanetta

This is what I found as growing instructions for peppers in general:

Planting

  • Peppers require a long, warm growing season.
  • Seed should be started indoors in March or 8 weeks prior to transplanting.
  • To start seed indoors, sow 2-3 seeds ¼” deep, into 1×1″ cells and provide constant moisture and a soil temperature of 26-29°C (80-85°F).
  • After germination (1-2 weeks), thin seedlings to one per cell.
  • Once seedlings develop 2-3 true leaves, transplant into larger containers, 2×2″ or 3×3″.
  • At transplanting time, set transplants 18″ apart in rows 30″ apart.

Growing

  • Sheltered, full sun area with a soil pH of 6.0-6.8.
  • Peppers are moderate feeders and require plenty of compost and well rotted manure mixed into the soil prior to planting.
  • Fertilize sparingly until plants start to set fruit. Too much nitrogen causes an excess of foliage and dropping of flower buds.
  • Provide even moisture, particularly during flowering and fruit set.
  • Use black plastic or paper mulch to attract heat, hold water and prevent weeds.

Harvest

  • Begin harvest when peppers reach a useable size. Cut rather than pull from branch.

Problems

  • – Blossoms will drop when temperature falls below 60°F (15°C) or goes above 80°F (27°C).
  • Blossom End Rot Fruits blacken and decay at the blossom end due to a calcium deficiency.
  • Poor Fruit Set usually due to cold weather.
  • Excessive nitrogen fertilizer during early growth may also delay fruit set.

Pests & Disease

  • Aphids small pear-shaped soft-bodied insects, green, red or black in colour.
  • Aphids feed by sucking plant sap which causes curled, stunted leaves and shoots and reduces plant vigour.
  • Spray plants with an insecticidal soap.

Companions

  • Carrot
  • Onion
  • Parsnip
  • Pea
  • Basil
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