How to grow…Cucumbers

This year we purchased Talladega Cucumber seeds. General cucumber growing procedures:

Planting

  • Sow indoors 3-4 weeks prior to last frost or direct seed after all risk of frost. For indoor planting use 2 inch square jiffy strip pots and plant 1-2 seeds per square; thin to ensure one plant per pot.
  • Plant seeds ½-1″ deep, transplant or space plants 6″ apart in rows 4-6′ apart.
  • Plants are tender, so soil should be warm, 18-24°C (65-75°F) for germination to begin.
  • If growing on a trellis, space plants 18″ apart.

Growing

  • Cucumbers require full sun and soil pH of 6.0 to 6.8. As they are heavy feeders, an application of compost or well rotted manure worked into the planting area will help.
  • Regular applications of a complete soluble fertilizer during the growing season is
    beneficial.
  • Plants should not be allowed to wilt. Make sure they are well watered before transplanting.
  • Spread a mulch around plants before they start to vine, to cut down on weeds and conserve moisture. The mulch will also help to keep the fruit clean.

Harvest

  • Pick slicing cucumbers when they reach 6-8″ long; pickling types at 3-5″.
  • Keep mature cucumbers picked off the vines to encourage a longer yield.
  • Harvest cucumbers for pickling early in the morning.

Pests & Diseases

  • Striped or spotted cucumber beetles can emerge from the soil in spring and nibble on the leaves and stems of emerging plants.
  • The beetles spread a bacterial wilt which causes plants to wilt and die before bearing fruit.

Companions

  • Bush bean
  • Cabbage family
  • Corn
  • Dill
  • Eggplant
  • Lettuce
  • Radish
  • Pea
  • Tomato
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